Hyperopia: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

What Is Hyperopia or Long-sightedness?

Hyperopia, also known as long-sightedness, is a common vision problem that is more noticeable when you try and focus on close objects. When looking into the distance, the lens inside our eye can adjust for hyperopia but the larger the amount the more likely it is that the person will experience symptoms like headaches or eye strain. 

Hyperopia, or hypermetropia, is common in both children and adults and is easily with corrected with spectacle or contact lenses. 

Why Do We Get Hyperopia? 

Most people who suffer from hyperopia inherit the condition, someone in the family, mother, father or even grandparents are also long-sighted. 

You can also acquire hyperopia due to medical conditions like diabetes, small eye syndrome (microphthalmia), cancer around the eye and blood vessel problems around your eye. These are very rare and only account for a small fraction of people with hyperopia.

Who Is Affected By Hyperopia?

As mentioned before, this is hereditary so most likely it is present from an early age. Most babies are born slightly long-sighted but this often reduces in the early ages, a process known as emmetropisation. As the lens inside our eye loses its ability to focus over time people may experience more symptoms of hyperopia as they start to do more close tasks e.g. school work, starting high school or university or a job.  

Don't be confused with another condition called presbyopia which also affects people as they age and shares similar symptoms with hyperopia but in this case symptoms are rarely felt till into the 40's.

  • Symptoms Of Hyperopia

Symptoms of Hyperopia

Hyperopia has several obvious signs that you should look out for, these include:

  • Trouble reading the words may become blurry
  • Fatigue when doing close tasks
  • Needing to squint to see better when looking at details close-up
  • An aching or burning sensation around your eyes
  • A headache after you read or had to focus on something close to your face for a long time (like sewing, knitting, drawing etc)

However, some people with hyperopia may not have clear symptoms as the signs can be subtle. Eye strain and feeling fatigued are indicators you need to get your vision checked. 

How Do You Treat Hyperopia?

A quick and easy solution to long-sightedness are prescription glasses. Convex (positive) lenses in your glasses, which are thin on the edge and thicker at the centre, help correct your vision immediately. 

To find out if you are hyperopic, you can visit an optometrist for an eye test. People with hyperopia have the values in their prescription shown with a plus sign (+) ie.g. +1.50D,  this indicates the strength of their required lens. Today lenses for hyperopia can be made in many thinner, lighter materials and in a shape called "aspheric" which not only look great but also keeps things clearer all the way across the lens.

To further enhance your vision, you can have lenses with an anti-reflection coating like Crizal. This coating on your lenses help reduce reflections and ghost images to make your lenses virtually invisible. It also protects your lenses from scratches and smudges, making them easier to clean and that your glasses last longer.

If you have an active lifestyle or job that takes you outdoors, photochromic lenses like Transitions ensure your eyes are protected from UV rays and your vision is not hindered when going from a dark room to the bright sunlight or vice versa.

For more information regarding treatment options, visit your nearest optometrist. 

THINK YOU MIGHT HAVE HYPEROPIA?

Visit your nearest optometrist and get the best lenses for your needs

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